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:::Philippine Heroes | Maria Jose Basa

Maria Jose Basa ( 1839 - 1907 )

Bibliography

Achievements

Works / Contributions

Bibliography

Jose M. Basa, was born to Don Matias Basa and Doña Joaquina San Agustin on December 19, 1839 in Binondo, Manila. His father was an honest and industrious merchant and realtor.

Patriot and one of the pillars of the Propaganda.

Basa received his Bachiller en Filosofia degree from the University of Santo Thomas in January, 1860. Basa grew up with all the industry and the virtuous qualities of his father. At the age of 20, he began to engage in business. He made a great success in his distillery in Trozo, Manila that inherited from his father.

He believed that America was the most liberal and humanitarian nation in the world. He and other wealthy Filipinos in Hongkong offered their money on May 6, 1898 to the American government and to become American citizens. He sent proclamations and papers to arouse the interest of his countrymen in their liberty and in order that the Americans may be supported in the war against the Spaniards. He wanted the Americans to grant protectorate status to the Philippines or to annex her.

Basa resided permanently in Hongkong, although he visited Manila in 1888 and 1897. He did not live long as he contracted pneumonia complicated by heart trouble and died on July 10, 1907. He was buried in Hongkong, survived by his wife Bernarda Panlague and children. After four years his remains we brought to Manila and finally interred in his beloved fatherland.

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Achievements

To promote the propaganda movement, Jose Ma. Basa founded the Association Filipina in Hongkong whose laws were approved on May 31, 1891. Among its member were Ildefonso Laurel, Eusebio R. Luzurriaga, and Juan Lecaroz.

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Works / Contributions

As a member of the Comite de Reformas which was organized before 1871, Basa was one of those who actively crusaded to remedy the defects of the Spanish colonial government.

Basa devoted much of his time to active participation in the propaganda movement and in philanthropic work. He contributed his liberal ideas, as well as his money, to patriotic causes. An active agent correspondent in Hongkong before the outbreak of the revolution of 1896, he smuggled copies of Rizal’s Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo and copies of the La Solidaridad to the Philippines. It was to him that Rizal entrusted his library. From him also, Rizal received passage to Hongkong.

In his papers entitled “May God punish the Wicked” and “Here There Are No Filibusteros” which he sent to Rizal in Paris, he used the pseudonym Isaac Fernando de los Rios.

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